Ritz Carlton Hotel & Residences, Battery Park
Cost: $115 Million
Owner: Battery Park City Authority,
Developer: Millennium Partners,
Hotel Operator: Ritz Carlton,
Construction Manager: Bovis
Lend Lease LMB Inc., NYC
Architect: Gary Edward Handel
+ Associates, NYC
Architect: The Polshek Partnership,
Interior Architect (hotel):
Frank Nicholason Inc., Acton, Mass.
MEP Engineer: I.M. Robbins,
Structural Engineer: DeSimone
Consulting Engineers, NYC
Geotechnical Engineer: Langan
Engineering and Environmental Services Inc., NYC
Material Façade Consultant:
Ava Shypula Consulting, Springfield, N.J.
Exterior Stone Contractor: Liberty
Marble Inc., NYC
Concrete Contractor: Laquila
Construction/Pinnacle Concrete Corp., a joint venture, Mamaroneck,
Foundation Contractor: Laquila
Construction Co., Brooklyn, N.Y.
Hoist Contractor: Universal
Builders Supply, Mount Vernon, N.Y.
Millwork Contractor: Petersen
Geller Spurge Inc, Hudson, N.Y.
HVAC Contractor: Fresh Meadows
Mechanical Corp., Fresh Meadows, N.Y.
Electrical Contractor: High
Rise Electric Inc., Long Island City, N.Y.
Plumbing Contractor: Par Plumbing
Co. Inc., Lynbrook, N.Y.
Carpenter: R&J Construction,
Long Beach, N.Y.
The Ritz Carlton Hotel and Residences at Battery Park City
was scheduled to open in September 2001, but the attacks on
the World Trade Center, a few blocks to its north, delayed
The 40-story, 575,000-sq.-ft. combination hotel and luxury
residential tower finally opened in early 2002.
The Ritz Carlton hotel makes up the base of the building.
At the 13th floor there is a landscaped deck that marks the
transition between the hotel and the residential tower, which
contains 140 condominium apartments.
The architects, Gary Edward Handel + Associates and the Polishek
Partnership, took full advantage of its location. Situated
at the southern-most tip of Manhattan, the façade facing
the city is made of iron-spot brick that ties it aesthetically
to the rest of Battery Park City and to the tradition of the
great masonry buildings in Manhattan overall.
At the same time, the south and west sides of the building,
facing the harbor and river, have a glass curtain wall that
provides spectacular views.
The building's proximity to the water also brought spectacular
construction challenges. It is 150 ft. from the shore of the
river, and 15 ft. from the water below. Like the rest of Battery
Park City, it is built on landfill from the construction of
the old World Trade Center.
The site had to be sheeted to keep the water out. Cantilevered
soldier piles were used so that the bracing wouldn't interfere
with the construction of the foundation. A series of 26-ft.-long
plastic well points, spaced 4 ft. on center, were placed around
The foundation required 80 tie-downs and 650 piles, each with
a capacity of 200 tons. In building the foundation, consideration
had to be given to the fact that the basements would be12
ft. below the water. To keep them waterproofed, a membrane
was built around the periphery of the building to create a
"It is one of the deepest excavations in New York City,"
said Steve Bongiorno, project manager for DeSimone Consulting
Engineers, structural engineer for the building. "We
are essentially holding back the river in terms of hydrostatic
forces using a 2-ft.-thick pressure concrete slab that resists
the uplift forces from the river below. For supplemental resistance
for the uplift, we used rock anchors."
The other construction challenge was also related to the building's
location - strong winds often come whipping around tip of
"Battery Park City is a difficult place to work, especially
in the dead of winter," said Joe Mitrione, president
of Pinnacle Concrete Corp., which formed a joint venture with
Laquila Construction Inc. to do the concrete work on the superstructure.
"We topped out in the winter with heavy winds. It required
increased safety measures and extra care in placing decks
and pouring operations to account for the wind. The winds
were so bad on one day that we had to shut down."
Wind or no wind, the Ritz Carlton Hotel and Residences in
Battery Park City is now open and thriving, a part of downtown