Following three years of precipitous declines, the construction market may be eyeing a rebound in 2010 thanks to a much improved residential sector, but for designers and contractors in many other building sectors it may be too soon to celebrate.
McGraw-Hill Construction is forecasting that total construction starts will climb 11% to $466.2 billion in 2010, following an estimated 25% decline in 2009.
After a 39% drop in construction starts between 2006 and 2009, an improving residential market and signs of strength in select public sector markets such as transportation and infrastructure could spark an overall turnaround in 2010, said Bob Murray, vice president of economic affairs for McGraw-Hill Construction.
“This is not a booming market; it is just inching upward,” Murray says.
The main buoy for the industry is single-family housing, which could rise 30% from an estimated 430,000 units started in 2009 to 560,000 starts in 2010. That would be on par with 2008 when 549,000 units were started. Murray noted that even with the rebound, levels remain 65% below the mid-decade peak of the housing boom. Murray added that his residential forecast hinges on continued low mortgage rates and the extension of first-time homebuyer tax credits.
The outlook on multifamily housing remains mixed. Murray sees activity rising from 140,000 units started in 2009 to 160,000 units in 2010—a 14% rise. Although the sector could rebound, activity remains nearly three times below 2007 levels when 452,000 units were started.
Ed Sullivan, chief economist at the Portland Cement Association, is less optimistic about multifamily projects, predicting that a comeback won’t be seen until 2011.
Although 2009 was challenging year, the worst is yet to come in non-residential building sectors, analysts forecast. According to McGraw-Hill Construction estimates, the commercial and manufacturing sectors could continue to struggle next year with an estimated 6% drop in combined value of starts to $55.5 billion—nearly half the level seen in 2007.
Sullivan sees the market sliding even further, down 22% in 2010, and doesn’t expect a rebound until 2012.
“If you look at vacancy rates, the job market, issues with credit—the fundamental will take a while to come back,” he says.
Murray estimates that office building starts will ease back another 3% in 2010 to $19.7 billion in starts, as employment remains weak and businesses curtail expansions.
As companies rein in travel expenses and consumers take fewer vacations, hotel construction is feeling the impact. Occupancies fell 57% in the first eight months of 2009 while revenue per available room dropped 18.3%, according to Smith Travel Research. Murray expects hospitality starts to decline by 9% to $4.5 billion in 2010.
Retail has been one of the biggest casualties of the economic crisis. After hitting an all-time high of 314-million square feet in starts in 2007, Murray predicts only 95-million square feet in 2010—the lowest level in nearly 50 years.
The one bright spot for retail is the rebound in residential, says Ken Simonson, chief economist with Associated General Contractors of America.
“New neighborhoods being built would create demand for local retail,” he says. “It would be modest amounts. I wouldn’t expect any big shopping center construction.”
The severe drop in demand for consumer goods hit the manufacturing sector hard. Murray notes that capacity utilization rates plummeted from 78.8% in December 2007 to 65.1% in June 2009, curtailing the need...